Bills, laws, statutes, and ordinances passed through formal legislative bodies such as congress, state legislatures, and county and city councils.
Incorporation of clinical or translational scientific findings into new or amended laws serves greater public health.
Requires further modification of translated scientific findings, usually through transdisciplinary collaboration, into feasible and effective laws that serve the greater public health.
Advice from authors on searching for information:
While many U.S. governmental bodies offer current versions of legislation, statutes, and ordinances on their respective websites, connecting specific research findings to subsequent laws often requires searching legislative histories (e.g., hearing transcripts, bill introductions and revisions).
Organizations, repositories, websites, and other sources where you can find more information:
Challenges you may encounter while searching for information:
Data availability and quality from governmental sources vary across cities, states, and countries. Online research databases may require institutional access agreements or payment.
Articles, books, and other publications in translational science using the indicator:
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