Governmental permits based on intellectual property. Researchers develop new technologies to be used for diagnostic or therapeutic applications with possible commercial use. Examples of applications are vaccines, drug deliveries, medical devices, imaging, software, algorithms, blood and tissue products, cellular and gene therapy, among others. A license allows for exploration of applications for potential human benefit.
Washington University defines a license as “a contract which awards to a party other than the owner(s) of the intellectual property the right to make, use, sell, or import products or services based on the owner’s intellectual property. Licenses may be awarded on an exclusive or nonexclusive basis and may provide for payment of license fees, milestones, royalties, or other income to the owner(s) of the intellectual property.”
License agreements can be used to document use of intellectual property that lead to real-world impacts.
Advice from authors on searching for information:
Start with the researcher to confirm whether a license agreement has been issued and contact the local campus unit that handles license agreements.
Organizations, repositories, websites, and other sources where you can find more information:
Challenges you may encounter while searching for information:
There is no single resource for searching of license agreements. Most large research universities have a campus unit that handles license agreements. Access to self-reported researcher or administrative/in-house data may be required to locate documentation.
Articles, books, and other publications in translational science using the indicator:
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