Government authority or licenses based on intellectual property.
Patents serve as a useful indicator of innovation and future economic potential.
Advice from authors on searching for information:
Searching of patents requires some guidance on databases with additional analysis required. Consult the Help section of each resource for additional information.
Organizations, repositories, websites, and other sources where you can find more information:
Challenges you may encounter while searching for information:
Access to self-reported researcher or administrative/in-house data may also be required to locate documentation.
Articles, books, and other publications in translational science using the indicator: