Drugs

Definition

Pharmaceutical products for human or veterinary use. 

Rationale

New drugs developed as a result of translational research is a critical component of the emphasis to improve and reduce the process of scientific discovery to useful clinical applications. A review of the drug development timeline can identify successful research process practices to be utilized by other translational science research teams. 

Guidance

Advice from authors on searching for information:

Self-reported knowledge of research study researchers is helpful to document new drug development in progress and for tracking drugs that have demonstrated efficacy in pre-clinical or clinical studies, those that have gained FDA approval, or those that are currently in use in clinical applications for the treatment of a disease, condition, or disorder. 

Resources & Data

Organizations, repositories, websites, and other sources where you can find more information:

Local

General

  • ClinicalTrials.gov. ClinicalTrials.gov is a registry and results database. It allows for searching for specific drugs, diseases, conditions, and study titles among others. It has study data from over 200 countries.
  • Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL). CENTRAL provides searchable reports of randomized and quasi-randomized controlled trials as noted in MEDLINE, Embase, and from other published and unpublished sources.
  • Drugs@FDA. Drugs@FDA lists most prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) drug products approved since 1939. Drugs@FDA helps consumers find generic equivalents and other possible appropriate alternatives to their approved products as well as the product’s drug label. Drugs@FDA Demo provides an overview of using Drugs@FDA.
  • Green Book. The FDA “Green Book” contains a list of all FDA approved animal drug products. 
  • Orange Book. The FDA “Orange Book” contains drugs approved by FDA under New Drug Applications (NDAs) and Abbreviated New Drug Applications (ANDAs).
  • WHO Pharmaceutical Products. WHO Pharmaceutical Products lists current drugs in pharmaceutical use by world region.
  • WHO List of Essential Medicines. WHO list of essential medicines provides information on drugs considered essential by the organization

Data Limitations

Challenges you may encounter while searching for information:

Access to self-reported researcher or administrative/in-house data may be required to locate documentation.

Publications

Articles, books, and other publications in translational science using the indicator:

Case Studies

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