Societal & financial cost of illness

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Translational Science Benefits

Icon for Clinical & medical benefits


Icon for Community & public health benefits


Icon for Economic benefits


Icon for Policy & legislative benefits


Economic benefits (Financial savings & benefits)


Reduced social and economic costs of acute or chronic disease or other health conditions. Examples include general productivity losses, reduced quality of life, and lowered resources.


New procedures, interventions, policies, and other benefits from translational science hold the potential to alleviate undue societal and community burden, provide opportunities for reallocation of resources, and increase quality of life.


Advice from authors on searching for information:

Determining measurable changes to the societal costs of illness from particular innovations in translational science are generally long-term or not directly observable. Researchers are encouraged to gather data early on the indirect costs of the condition(s) affected by shorter-term benefits such as patents or policies and establish a routine of collecting data at fixed-time intervals to demonstrate societal impact.

Resources & Data

Organizations, repositories, websites, and other sources where you can find more information:

  • Global Burden of Disease (GBD). The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) is the single largest and most detailed scientific effort ever conducted to quantify levels and trends in health. Led by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington, it is truly a global effort, with over 1,000 researchers from more than 100 countries participating in the effort.
  • Global Health Observatory Data (GHO). The GHO data repository contains an extensive list of indicators, which can be selected by theme or through a multi-dimension query functionality. It is the World Health Organization’s main health statistics repository.
  • Medical Expenditure Panel Surveys (MEPS). Since 1996, the MEPS have collected data on health care services and their costs from individuals, employers, and providers.

Data Limitations

Challenges you may encounter while searching for information:

Measurable changes to the societal costs of illness are not always directly observable. The societal cost of illness research by nature is focused on a specific disorder, disease, or condition such as depression, low back pain, or schizophrenia. Depending on the locale, organizations, and other administrative jurisdictional offices may collect and curate data on expenditures on specific disorders, diseases, or conditions which researchers can then analyze for changes. Data may not be available for all disorders, diseases, or conditions.


Articles, books, and other publications in translational science using the indicator:

Case Studies

Optimizing Treatments for Youths with Persistent and Severe Disruptive Behaviors

By Implementation Research Institute (IRI)

Introducing a tailored, co-designed intervention for youths with disruptive behaviors and callous-unemotional traits

Examples of foods that may be included in some of the weight loss diets described in this Case Study.

Comparing the Metabolic Effects of Different Weight Loss Diets

By ICTS and Washington University in St. Louis

Measuring key metabolic effects of three weight loss diets to improve individualized obesity treatment

Man with sinus pain at the doctor.

Preventing and Treating Invasive Fungal Sinusitis

By ICTS and Washington University in St. Louis

Identifying risk factors of a rare but fatal sinus infection to improve prevention and treatment efforts