Procedural rules formally adopted and mandated by governmental agencies or private or non-profit organizations. These include what are commonly referred to as big “P” policies (governmental) and little “P” policies (non-governmental organizational).
Policies are produced by governmental agencies or other organizations to guide decision-making. Findings resulting from clinical and translational science can result in new or amended policies to provide a course of action or statement of principles to guide actions to effect change or build consensus. Policies differ from procedures and guidelines that serve to provide instructions or recommendations.
Advice from authors on searching for information:
Groups such as government agencies (federal, state and local), institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or expert panels, issue policies. Policies are also produced by non-governmental agencies such as hospitals, schools, or specialty organizations. Consult the website of pertinent organizations for policy documents or guidance related to a disease, disorder or condition.
Review of policy documents is required to locate evidence that findings from clinical and translational science research were used to support the policy. Most policies contain references to the literature to support the recommendations noted in the policy.
Organizations, repositories, websites, and other sources where you can find more information:
Challenges you may encounter while searching for information:
There is no single resource for all policies produced by governmental bodies or other organizations. Access to self-reported researcher or administrative/in-house data may be required to locate documentation.
Articles, books, and other publications in translational science using the indicator: