Public Health Practices

Definition

Organization or delivery of public health services benefits to communities or populations.

Rationale

Implementation of effective, evidence-based public health practices is required for scientific knowledge to translate into improvement of public health.

Guidance

Advice from authors on searching for information:

The Community Tool Box presents a large list of sources, some of which are more relevant to public health practices than others. For more uncommon public health practices, searching for the keywords (i.e. mosquito control) with name of desired city/town might provide better results.

Resources & Data

Organizations, repositories, websites, and other sources where you can find more information:

Local

St. Louis County Public Health Department Health and Wellness
This site provides links to services and practices that the STL Public Health Department provides for citizens and areas of St. Louis City County. 

General

CDC Community Health Improvement Navigator
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides a Database of Interventions filtered by risk factors, populations, outcomes/indicators, settings, and assets in four action areas: 1) socioeconomic factors, 2) physical environment, 3) health behaviors, and 4) clinical care.

Community Tool Box
Resources for addressing social determinants of health, stakeholder engagement, leadership building, evaluation, and sustainability. See the Help Taking Action/Database of Best Practices for links to additional resources.

NACCHO Model Practice Database 
The National Association of County & City Health Officials provides model and promising practices searchable by content area (e.g. chronic disease, mental health, tobacco, etc.), as well as by state and year. (Note: this is an archived page that is no longer updated.)

SAMHSA National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices 
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration provides interventions searchable by type (mental health, substance abuse, and co-occurring), age, race, gender, geographic location, and setting.

NCI Research-tested Intervention Programs (RTIPs)
The National Cancer Institute provides cancer control interventions searchable by topic (breast cancer screening, obesity, sun safety, etc.), age, setting, race/ethnicity, setting (community, clinical, rural, etc.) and gender.

ASTHO Stories in Public Health
The Association of State and Territorial Health Officials collects user-submitted promising or useful success stories searchable by state.

Canadian Best Practices Portal
The Public Health Agency of Canada provides data, government strategies, guidance, and reviews organized by topic (alcohol, child health, nutrition, etc.)

The Community Guide
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides community-based interventions and tools searchable by topic (asthma, health equity, tobacco, etc.).

What Works for Health
The County Health Rankings & Roadmaps provides interventions in the topics of health behaviors, clinical care, social & economic factors, and physical environment.

Data Limitations

Challenges you may encounter while searching for data:

The ability to filter databases is variable: some have clear filtering choices, others are set up for browsing. Also finding practices that may be specific to your area could be more difficult than general public health practices (i.e. zika prevention versus flu prevention).

Publications

Articles, books, and other publications in translational science using the indicator:

Brownson RC, Allen P, Duggan K, et al. Fostering more-effective public health by identifying administrative evidence-based practices: A review of the literature. Am J Prev Med. 2012; 43(3):309-319. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2012.06.006.

Green LW. Public health asks of systems science: to advance out evidence-based practice, can you help us get more practice-based evidence? Am J Public Health. 2006; 96(3):406-409. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2005.066035.

Glasgow RE, Lichtenstein E, Marcus AC. Why don’t we see more translation of health promotion research to practice? Rethinking the efficacy-to-effectiveness transition. Am J Public Health. 2003; 93(8):1261-1267.

Case Studies

Content coming soon!

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